4 Names of India: What are the 4 names of India?

4 Names of India: India is a land of diverse cultures and traditions. The country is home to a plethora of languages, religions, and customs. Over the years, India has been known by many names, each carrying a different meaning and significance. In this article, we will explore the four names of India and their historical relevance.

4 Names of India

Here are four of the most popular names of India and what they represent.


Bharat, also known as Bharata, is the oldest and most popular name for India. It derives its name from the ancient Indian king, Bharata, who was the son of Dushyanta and Shakuntala. According to Hindu mythology, Bharata was a righteous king who ruled over the Indian subcontinent during the Mahabharata period. He was considered the progenitor of the Bharata dynasty, which gave birth to many great rulers, including Kuru, Pandu, and Yudhishthira.

The name Bharat signifies the cultural and historical significance of India. It symbolizes the country’s rich heritage and deep-rooted traditions. It is also mentioned in the Indian Constitution, where India is referred to as Bharat.


Hindustan is another popular name for India, which has been in use for centuries. The term ‘Hindustan’ is derived from the Persian word ‘Hindu,’ which means the land of Hindus. It was used by the Muslim rulers who invaded India during the medieval period. The term Hindustan was used to denote the region where the Hindus lived.

Over the years, the name Hindustan has become synonymous with the Indian subcontinent, comprising India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal. It represents the cultural diversity and multi-ethnicity of the region.


Jambudvipa is an ancient name for the Indian subcontinent, which is derived from the Sanskrit word “Jambudvipa,” meaning “the land of Jambu trees.” According to Hindu mythology, Jambudvipa was the name of a continent that was believed to be the center of the universe. The name Jambudvipa represents the country’s natural and ecological diversity and highlights its importance in the world.


Aryavarta is an ancient name for India, which is derived from the Sanskrit word “Arya,” meaning “noble” or “honorable,” and “varta,” meaning “abode” or “dwelling place.” The name Aryavarta was used in ancient Hindu texts, such as the Vedas and the Mahabharata, to refer to the land of the noble people or the land of righteousness.

The name Aryavarta represents the country’s spiritual and philosophical heritage and highlights its role as the birthplace of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and other ancient religions. It also represents the country’s emphasis on moral and ethical values and its commitment to social justice and equality.

In modern times, the name Aryavarta has been used by some Hindu nationalist groups to promote a particular vision of India as a Hindu-dominated country, which has sparked controversy and criticism. Nonetheless, the name Aryavarta remains a significant part of India’s cultural and religious identity and represents its rich and complex history.

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What are the 4 names of India

The four names of India are as follows:

  • Bharat
  • Hindustan
  • Jambudvipa
  • Aryavarta


India has many names that reflect its rich history, culture, and diversity. Each name represents a unique aspect of the country’s character and identity and highlights its significance in the world. Whether it is Bharat, Hindustan, India, or Jambudvipa, the country continues to be a beacon of diversity, unity, and progress.

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