Scientific Name of Buffalo and Classification of Buffalo

Buffalo Scientific Name: Buffaloes have long captivated our imagination with their massive presence and robust appearance. From the vast plains of North America to the grasslands of Africa and Asia, these magnificent creatures have left an indelible mark on our collective consciousness. In this article, we delve into the scientific name and classification of the buffalo, shedding light on the intricate details that make them truly remarkable.

What is the Scientific Name of Buffalo?

The term “buffalo” can refer to different species of large, horned mammals. The three main types are the African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), American bison (Bison bison), and Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis).

  1. African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer): This species is native to Africa and is also known as the Cape buffalo. Its scientific name is Syncerus caffer.
  2. American Bison (Bison bison): This species is native to North America and is commonly referred to as the American buffalo. Its scientific name is Bison bison.
  3. Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): This is the most common meaning of “buffalo” in many parts of the world, particularly Asia and Africa. Its scientific name is Bubalus bubalis.

Understanding the Classification:

Buffaloes belong to the Bovidae family, a diverse group of cloven-hoofed mammals that includes cattle, goats, and sheep. Within the Bovidae family, buffaloes fall under the subfamily Bovinae. This subfamily comprises some of the largest and most iconic herbivores on the planet, making it a fascinating group to explore.

The buffalo we commonly refer to is scientifically known as Bison Bison. This species is further categorized into two distinct subspecies: the American Bison (Bison Bison Bison) and the European Bison (Bison Bison Bonasus). While the American Bison primarily inhabits North America, the European Bison roams the woodlands and grasslands of Europe.

Classification (Taxonomy) of Buffalo

Let’s break down the taxonomy of the buffalo to gain a deeper understanding of its classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Artiodactyla
  • Family: Bovidae
  • Subfamily: Bovinae
  • Genus: Bison
  • Species: Bison Bison

This classification not only places buffaloes within the broader context of the animal kingdom but also highlights their close relation to other iconic mammals.

Distinctive Features and Adaptations:

Buffaloes are known for their robust build, distinctive horns, and shaggy coats. These features are not only essential for their survival but also contribute to their unique charm. The horns, for example, play a crucial role in defense and are often used for establishing dominance within a herd.

In terms of habitat, buffaloes are remarkably adaptable. From the frozen tundra to the scorching savannas, these creatures have demonstrated an ability to thrive in diverse environments. This adaptability has contributed to their widespread distribution across the globe.


The scientific name of the buffalo encompasses a rich tapestry of biological intricacies. Understanding the classification and taxonomy of these magnificent creatures adds depth to our appreciation of their place in the natural world. From the grasslands of North America to the woodlands of Europe, buffaloes continue to capture our imagination, and their scientific name serves as a key to unraveling the mysteries of their existence.

As you delve into the world of buffaloes, remember that the scientific name Bison Bison not only represents a species but also a symbol of resilience, adaptability, and the untamed beauty of the wild.