DNA Full Form:
DNA Full Form
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a molecule that serves as the blueprint for the genetic makeup of all living organisms. DNA is found in the cells of almost all living organisms and is responsible for transmitting hereditary traits from one generation to the next. It was first discovered in 1869 by the Swiss biochemist Friedrich Miescher, but its structure and role in heredity were not fully understood until the mid-20th century.
The full form of DNA is Deoxyribonucleic acid. The name “Deoxyribonucleic” refers to the type of sugar molecule that forms the backbone of the DNA molecule, which is deoxyribose. The term “acid” refers to the fact that DNA is a type of nucleic acid, which is a class of biomolecules that includes DNA and RNA (ribonucleic acid).
The DNA molecule is a long, twisted ladder-like structure, known as a double helix. Each “rung” of the ladder is made up of two nucleotide bases, which are the building blocks of DNA. The four types of nucleotide bases in DNA are adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T). These bases pair up with each other in a specific way: A always pairs with T, and C always pairs with G. The order of the bases along the DNA molecule is known as the genetic code, and it determines an organism’s traits and characteristics.
The discovery of the structure of DNA and its role in heredity was a major scientific breakthrough in the 20th century. In 1953, James Watson and Francis Crick, along with Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin, determined the structure of the DNA molecule using X-ray crystallography. Their work revealed the double helix structure of DNA and showed how the nucleotide bases pair up to form the genetic code.
Since then, the study of DNA has revolutionized the fields of biology and genetics. DNA sequencing techniques have allowed scientists to read the genetic code of organisms and have led to many important discoveries, such as the identification of the genes responsible for certain diseases and the development of genetically modified organisms.
In addition to its role in heredity, DNA also plays an important role in the functioning of cells. The DNA molecule contains the instructions for the production of proteins, which are essential for many cellular processes. The process of converting the genetic code of DNA into proteins is known as gene expression and involves several intermediate steps, including the transcription of DNA into RNA and the translation of RNA into protein.
What is the full form of DNA
The full form of DNA is Deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is a molecule that carries genetic information and is found in almost all living organisms. It consists of four different nucleotide bases (adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine) that are arranged in a specific sequence, which provides the genetic code that determines an organism’s traits and characteristics. The discovery of the structure of DNA and its role in heredity was a major scientific breakthrough in the 20th century and has revolutionized the fields of biology and genetics.
DNA is a molecule that carries the genetic information of all living organisms. Its full form is Deoxyribonucleic acid, and it is found in almost all cells in the body. The structure of DNA and its role in heredity were discovered in the mid-20th century, and since then, the study of DNA has revolutionized the fields of biology and genetics. DNA is also important for the functioning of cells, as it contains the instructions for the production of proteins.