Facts About the Statue of Liberty

Facts About the Statue of Liberty: The Statue of Liberty, one of the most iconic symbols of freedom and democracy, stands proudly in New York Harbor. This colossal neoclassical sculpture, officially named “Liberty Enlightening the World,” has a rich history filled with intriguing details. Here, we explore the most captivating Statue of Liberty facts that highlight its significance, design, and historical context.

Historical Background

Gift from France

One of the most notable facts about the Statue of Liberty is that it was a gift from the people of France to the United States. This gesture commemorated the centennial of the American Declaration of Independence and symbolized the enduring friendship between the two nations.

Designer and Architect

The statue was designed by French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi. Gustave Eiffel, the engineer behind the Eiffel Tower, contributed to its structural framework. This collaboration between two visionary creators resulted in a masterpiece that has stood the test of time.

Construction and Dimensions

Assembly in France and America

The Statue of Liberty was constructed in France, dismantled into 350 pieces, and shipped to New York in 214 crates. It was then reassembled on Liberty Island, formerly known as Bedloe’s Island.

Impressive Dimensions

Standing at a total height of 305 feet from the ground to the tip of the torch, the statue itself measures 151 feet tall. The copper skin of the statue is about 2.4 millimeters thick, roughly the thickness of two pennies.

Symbolism and Features

Symbol of Freedom

The Statue of Liberty is a powerful symbol of freedom and democracy. The torch she holds high represents enlightenment, while the tablet in her left hand bears the date of the American Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776, inscribed in Roman numerals.

Broken Chains

At her feet lie broken chains, symbolizing the abolition of slavery and the triumph of freedom over oppression. This detail often goes unnoticed by many visitors but is a crucial aspect of the statue’s meaning.

Interesting Tidbits (Facts)

Color Change

Originally, the statue was a shiny copper color. Over time, the copper oxidized to form a green patina, which now protects the statue from further corrosion. This process took about 30 years to complete.

Immense Popularity

The Statue of Liberty was declared a National Monument in 1924 and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984. It attracts millions of visitors each year, making it one of the most popular tourist destinations in the United States.

Torch Access

Visitors were once able to access the torch via a staircase inside the statue, but this has been closed since 1916 due to structural concerns following an explosion caused by German saboteurs during World War I.

Restoration and Preservation

Centennial Restoration

In 1986, to celebrate the statue’s centennial, a massive restoration project was undertaken. This included replacing the torch with a replica covered in 24k gold leaf. The original torch is now displayed in the Statue of Liberty Museum.

Continuous Maintenance

Maintaining the Statue of Liberty is an ongoing effort. The National Park Service regularly inspects and conducts necessary repairs to ensure that this symbol of freedom remains standing for future generations to admire.


The Statue of Liberty is more than just a monument; it is a symbol of hope, freedom, and the enduring friendship between nations. From its origins as a gift from France to its status as a global icon, the statue’s history is filled with fascinating facts that reflect its importance in American and world history. Whether you’re planning a visit or simply curious about its background, these Statue of Liberty facts offer a deeper understanding of this remarkable landmark.

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