Father of Biology: Who is the father of biology?

Father of Biology: Biology, the fascinating study of life and living organisms, owes much of its foundation to the wisdom and insights of brilliant minds throughout history. Among these luminaries, one name stands out: Aristotle, often regarded as the “father of biology.” In this article, we will delve into Aristotle’s remarkable contributions to the field, exploring his observations, theories, and enduring impact on our understanding of the living world.

Who is the father of biology?

Aristotle is widely considered to be the “Father of Biology”. He was a Greek philosopher who lived in the 4th century BC. He was fascinated by the natural world and made many observations about plants and animals. He also developed theories about how living things work. His work laid the foundation for the modern science of biology.

Some of Aristotle’s most important contributions to biology include:

  • He classified animals into two kingdoms: plants and animals.
  • He described the different organs and systems of the body.
  • He studied the development of embryos.
  • He proposed a theory of evolution.

Aristotle’s work was not without its flaws. He made some incorrect assumptions about the natural world, and his theories were not always based on empirical evidence. However, his work was groundbreaking for its time, and it laid the foundation for the modern science of biology.

Other scientists who have been called the “Father of Biology” include:

  • Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778): Swedish botanist who developed the binomial nomenclature system for classifying organisms.
  • Charles Darwin (1809-1882): English naturalist who developed the theory of evolution by natural selection.
  • Gregor Mendel (1822-1884): Austrian monk who studied genetics and heredity.

These scientists made significant contributions to the field of biology, but they did not have the same impact as Aristotle. Aristotle was the first to systematically study living things, and his work laid the foundation for all future research in biology.

Also Read: Why aristotle is known as father of biology?


Aristotle’s indelible mark on the field of biology cannot be overstated. His meticulous observations, insightful theories, and systematic methodology laid the groundwork for the study of life that continues to thrive today. As we celebrate the “father of biology,” we must recognize Aristotle’s enduring legacy, which has shaped our understanding of the natural world and continues to inspire scientific inquiry and exploration.

Also Read: Biography of Aristotle