India Location: Discovering the Location of India

Introduction

The following statement is a quote by Mark Twain, which speaks positively about India.

INDIA is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend and the great grandmother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only.

Mark Twain

India’s Location

India’s mainland extends from the northern region of Kashmir to the southern tip of Kanyakumari. The easternmost point of India is Kibithu, located in Arunachal Pradesh, and the westernmost point is Ghuar Mota in the Kutch region of Gujarat. Additionally, India’s territorial boundary extends 12 nautical miles (approximately 21.9 km) from the coast, encompassing its seas. The southern limit of India extends up to 6°45′ N Latitude in the Bay of Bengal, completing its geographic reach.

Location of India

India is a country located in South Asia, situated in the Northern Hemisphere. To understand India’s locational extent, we can look at a few key facts:

  • India’s latitudinal extent runs from 8°4’N to 37°6’N, while its longitudinal extent spans from 68° 7’E to 97° 25’E. This means that India’s total longitudinal and latitudinal extent is roughly 30° east-west and north-south.
  • The Tropic of Cancer, which lies at 23° 30’N, divides the country into two almost equal halves. The northernmost point is Indira Col, located in Siachen Glacier in the eastern part of the Karakoram ranges. The southernmost point is Indira Point, situated in the Great Nicobar Islands in the Andaman Sea.
  • India’s distance from south to north is 3214 km, while the distance from west to east is 2933 km. The southern part of the country, below central India, is situated within the tropics, while the northern part of the country lies in the subtropical zone or the warm temperate zone.
  • India’s longitudinal extent of 30° also means that there is an almost two-hour time difference between the easternmost and westernmost parts of the country. To avoid complications, the Indian Standard Meridian is located at 82° 30’E Longitude. As a result, Indian Standard time is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.

GK Question & Answers – Related to India’s Location

Where is India located geographically?

India is located in South Asia, bordered by Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north, Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east, and the Indian Ocean to the south.

What is the size of India’s territorial boundary?

India’s territorial boundary extends 12 nautical miles (approximately 21.9 km) from the coast, covering its seas and oceans.

What is the southern limit of India?

India’s southern limit extends up to 6°45′ N Latitude in the Bay of Bengal.

What is the easternmost point of India?

Kibithu, located in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, is the easternmost point of India.

What is the westernmost point of India?

Ghuar Mota, situated in the Kutch region of Gujarat, is the westernmost point of India.

Which states in India are located in the north?

India’s northern states include Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Delhi, and Uttar Pradesh.

Which state is located at the southern tip of India?

Kanyakumari, located in the state of Tamil Nadu, is the southernmost tip of India.

What are the neighboring countries of India?

India shares its borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.

Where is India located?

India is located in South Asia, in the Northern Hemisphere.

What is India’s latitudinal extent?

India’s latitudinal extent is from 8°4’N to 37°6’N.

What is India’s longitudinal extent?

India’s longitudinal extent is from 68° 7’E to 97° 25’E.

How much is India’s total longitudinal and latitudinal extent?

India’s total longitudinal and latitudinal extent is roughly about 30° east-west and north-south.

What is the Tropic of Cancer and how does it relate to India’s location?

The Tropic of Cancer lies at 23° 30’N and cuts India almost into two halves.

What is the northernmost point of India?

The northernmost point of India is Indira Col, located in Siachen Glacier in the eastern part of the Karakoram ranges.

What is the southernmost point of India?

The southernmost point of India is Indira Point, situated in the Great Nicobar Islands in the Andaman Sea.

What is the distance from south to north in India?

The distance from south to north in India is 3214 km.

What is the distance from west to east in India?

The distance from west to east in India is 2933 km.

What is the Indian Standard Meridian and why is it important?

The Indian Standard Meridian is located at 82° 30’E Longitude and is used to determine Indian Standard Time. It was selected to avoid complications caused by the 30° difference in longitudinal extent in India.

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