Indian Education System : Essay
Education system of India : First of all we talk about India’s education system. Better education is the basic need for humans. No human being becomes knowledgeable as soon as he is born, education is necessary for him. In today’s time when the competition in every field in the whole world is loud. In such a situation, if a country is not able to make necessary reforms in its education system, then no one can stop it from lagging behind.
The development of any society or country is mainly based on the level of education of its people. The country whose education system is of low standard, is always surrounded by serious problems like poverty, hunger and unemployment.
If India has to grow at a very fast pace, then we have to improve our education system. Without reforming our education system, we cannot compete with big economies like America and China.
Indian Education System : In recent decades, considerable progress has been made in the economic, social and other sectors of the country at the structural and policy level. As a result, the country’s growth rate has increased rapidly. This rising growth rate has given impetus to reforms in the field of education along with other sectors, but these changes have not removed the basic problems of our education system. In this article today we will discuss the situation of India’s current education system in the world, problems of India’s education system and possible solutions.
The current education system of India is inherently distorted, as the British colony has imposed on us and its purpose was to make educated youth in India a porter, clerk and a mandarin. This system was more successful in India than Mekale thought. In his infamous book ‘Minute on Indian Education’, Macaulay proposed that the people of India become soldiers of the British Empire and the British Empire flourished on their corpses.
The followers of this system have imposed their ideas without worrying about production, quality and excellence. This is the main reason why Indian education did not produce any world class discovery, any insight and any theoretical significance after independence.
Much embarrassment is felt when it is revealed that no university or educational institution is even in the 100 ranking of world rankings.
Who is responsible for this condition of educational institutions of India today? Today, good marks are necessary for admission to IIT and IIM in India. It requires coaching classes rather than educational institutions.
Students and parents are not so confident that without coaching institutes, they can get admission in IIT and IIM. Our prestigious IIM and IIT, ISB educational institutions, which boast of excellence, are nowhere compared to the world.
Most of the students are either going abroad or are enrolled in private institutions. The main objective of these coaching institutes and private institutes is to earn money, not to discharge educational traditions. This expansion gave rise to the decreasing standards of all-round knowledge of subjects, which is reducing moral values in education today. The student is just a machine for earning marks today. Today, students think that if I lose even half a point, then all the paths of my life will be closed. The only thing taught in coaching institutes is how to score you. They are providing only one mentality to the students that their life is made only to score in the exam.
Why is our education system rotting? Our education system is a rotting mango that you want to eat even if you don’t want to. Today there are no elements of personality building in our education system, only students are putting all the energy into making machines. There are some worrying shortcomings in our education system, which are pushing it into the trough.
Why is the foundation of Indian education system weak despite all programs?
A country whose education system is of high quality, it develops at a very fast pace. Therefore, the education system of that country has a huge contribution in the development of every country. Even today the education system of India is not very good.
From time to time, several programs are being implemented by the Government of India to improve the education system of India, but in spite of this there has been no improvement in the education system on a large scale.
Current education system of India:
Our attitude is built according to our life, our behaviour. The basic foundation of our life and conduct is our education. it is proved that our education is the root of all the small and big defects that are being seen in human society nowadays.
Now-a-days new schemes of education are being developed everywhere. Our national government has announced that it will soon eradicate illiteracy from the country. But the idea is to see how our current education system is and what kind of life it is creating and how our education should really be.
Our current education system is badly hit by seven terrorists or enemies. Brain, punishment, examination, ugly building, excessive work, self-respecting teachers and parents of narrow mind. Poor student has to read so many books, study so many subjects that his mind, body and mind are all badly crushed.
He is consumed with regular punishment and fear of examinations presented at all times. He cannot think of anything else except reading and studying. In dirty and cramped houses, he has to sit on dirty tots or dirty and ugly table-chairs and read them, so a clean atmosphere is a rare substance for him.
The master, who teaches in the school, teaches the student only because his job remains, he does not make sense of his good or bad. They are always concerned about their tuition and lose the importance of their self-respect and teacher status in the greed to earn money.
Does the same condition of the student remain outside the school? Till at least four hours of regular reading at home, the teacher said that the work done at home is not complete and then above all, the ghost of the all-time job is upon him.
Seeing the child sticking to books day and night, the parents are very confident that both their spiritual practice and the penance of the child are successful. He will definitely get a good job when he grows up.
When getting a good job is the objective of life in all ways, then where is the question of mental development? Nowadays, lore and job have become synonyms. In such a situation, every person will be engrossed in self-interest, except what else can be expected from him? What can such a person pay attention to the welfare of society?
Nowadays our system of education has indeed become very defective. By erasing this, we have to make such education and initiation which can enable us to conquer ourselves. The ultimate goal of knowledge should be character building.
Therefore our education should be divided into three parts –
- physical education
- mental education
- spiritual education
May we be healthy, have a healthy brain in our healthy body, and be able to consider the health of our life. In short, we mean that our society should be truly healthy through education.
Drawbacks of India’s education system:
A serious problem of India: Even after so long after independence, India’s education system is very backward compared to other countries, which is a serious problem for India.
The Government of India has taken several steps to improve education and has implemented several schemes from time to time. But even today India’s education system has not improved as much as it should have. The situation is very bad in rural areas.
It has been a long time since the free and compulsory education laws came into force in India, yet the level of education has not improved much.
The “Right to Education Act” came into force on 1 April 2010 across the country, under which state governments must ensure that their state provides free and compulsory education to all children between the ages of 6 to 14, as well as other essentials Provide facilities also. And they will not be charged any direct or indirect charges.
Even after all this, there has not been much improvement in the level of education in India. The education situation in most rural areas in India is very poor.
Problems of the current Indian education system :
Recent Global Studies / Recent global study about Indian education system : New York’s “Pew Research Centre” has conducted a comparative study of schooling standards in more than 90 countries of the world. This study was done under the name ‘Religion and Education in the World’. It focuses on “educational attainment” among the world’s major religions. It found the lowest level of “educational attainment” among Hindus and ranked the lowest among the Indian school educational system internationally.
On the other hand, in terms of average years of schooling, Christianity has 9.3 years, Buddhism has 7.9 years, while Muslim and Hinduism has an average school year of 5.6 years, much lower than the global average of 7.7 years is.
Similar studies were conducted by Harvard University and Korea University and have similar findings.
PISA, the measurement standard adopted in Europe, studied the quality of Indian schools. India was ranked second from the bottom in a study conducted by 110 countries, which shows the dismal state of Indian education.
In the “Pratham NGO” assessment conducted by the Annual Status Education Report in the year 2014, 75 percent of all children in class-3, 50 percent of class-5 and 25 percent of class-8 children were found unable to read Books of class-2 .
It was also found that the decline in reading levels in all children of class-5 in government schools was observed between 2010 and 2012.
The results of the National Survey Sample of 2015 also showed a significant decline in the ability of secondary school children to learn mathematics, science and English.
A recent study in Delhi showed that only 54 percent of the city’s children can read a few sentences.
Drawbacks and defects of Indian education system :
- The Right to Education Act was not implemented in full or at the grassroots level.
- Lack of good teachers in rural area.
- Any system of education and training of teachers should be made.
- Lack of efficient administration and management of schools.
- Not to implement the provisions implemented by the government for the development of economically weaker sections.
- There is a lack of practicality in education courses in India.
- The education system in India is not “inclusive”.
- Expensive higher education.
- Gender Inequalities.
- Lack of vocational education.
- Lack of basic facilities for children in India. Such as clean water, toilets, etc.
- The main problem is considered to be a decrease in the quality of governance.
- Reduction at the level of teacher management, teacher education and training, school administration and management.
- Unreliability of school level data.
- Lack of basic amenities
- Poor global ranking of educational institutions.
- Distinguish between the education provided and the education required for the industry.
Lack of basic facilities for Indian children:
- This education system does not teach to learn from failures and to take initiative.
- This system does not teach children to think and reason.
- This education system does not allow children to flourish within the individuality and individual characteristics.
- This education system does not give them the freedom to ask questions.
Positive aspects of India’s education system:
It has been proved by many studies that Indian children are ahead of any other country in terms of learning in the world. For example, Indian Americans are one of the most educated communities in America.
Solutions for India’s education system:
- To promote technology in education sector.
- To arrange for training of teachers.
- Government spending should be increased.
- Emphasise inclusive education system.
- Promoting quality education.
- Adopt ‘PPP model’ for infrastructure development in education sector.
- Formulate inclusive education policy.
Steps being taken by the government:
The “Subrahmanyam Committee” was formed by the government to reform the education system. The committee made several important suggestions such as creating a new civil service cadre for the education sector, abolishing the University Grants Commission (UGC), continuing the no-detention policy up to class-V and imparting English education at the primary school level.
The provisions of this committee have not yet been implemented by the government.
The government recently constituted the “K K Kasturirangan Committee”. The main function of this committee is to prepare a roadmap on several important provisions like contemporarisation of Indian education system, improvement in its quality, internationalisation of education and entry of foreign universities into India.
What should be the changes in the education system: changes in the Indian education system
Communication of information was very expensive at the time of independence, so memory based education was required at that time, hence memory was very important in education at that time, due to which education system developed on it. Children had to memorise the questions and get good marks on writing. At that time, a person who could remember more quickly and faster was considered successful.
But currently information communication is very cheap. Telecommunication and Internet have made the communication of information very cheap and dynamic, so in today’s context, the relevance of old memory based education system is over. Today there is a need for education based on intelligence, because education based on intelligence is based on concepts. Today education should be developed through the exchange of information and such education system should be developed which is based on intelligence rather than memory.
All developed countries have developed new and fundamental values in education. In developed countries, children are not rattled, but in exams, children are also allowed to write from books, as they do not provide children with relevant education, but in addition to logical and bookish knowledge, rendering of education Is done on the basis of concepts.
Even today in the Indian education system, memory is preferred over logic. If you ask any student of KG to speak any Poem, that poem will be heard by you very quickly, but if you want to know its meaning, very few students will be able to tell its meaning. Why only children, very few of us will know the meaning of the word ‘KG’, but this word lives on the tongue of every educated or illiterate parent.
Memory is also tested in the Indian evaluation method. If you remember more and better than others, then you get more number than that, even if it is better than you in logic and intelligence. If you do not know the analysis of the qualities of Akbar and Ashoka, it is fine, but you should remember the date of his birth and the important days of his life, only then you will be considered a scholar of history.
The Right to Education Act is a law entangled in disputes made up of right intentions. It is hardly possible to full fill the purpose for which it has been created. With this act, our system helps private educational institutions. To ensure that 25 percent of the poor children cannot attend private schools, it has been said so far that private schools should be admitted only if there is no government school within a radius of 1 km. After all, whose rule has been protecting its interests? Overall, 25 per cent of the children of poor children enrolled in private schools are nothing more than khyali pulao. As soon as you have got 25 percent children admitted, what crime has been committed by the remaining 75 percent to be deprived of good education?
Second, the lack of moral education is a very weak link in our education system. Without moral education, our education is like a crime. We can produce many engineers, doctors and scientists, but without moral education, all these will prove to be Bhasmasura, who will immerse their country and community in the ocean of corruption. Today’s education has become a machine instead of being concept-oriented, in which morality, human sensibilities are not rewarded. Today there is a need for radical change in education. Today, there is a need for a concept-based education, in which the principles are less and more practical and practical concepts, which connect students to projects and startups.
If these original questions are not considered in time and the education system does not improve, the situation may become more toxic. If the right form of Indian society is contemplated, then we can see a lot of difference between what we say and do, in the education of values and human rights considerations. Facts like well-being and self-reliance must be integrated with education.
Along with education, teachers will also fulfill their responsibilities in a dignified way, only then desired success can be achieved. Sometimes there may be talk or lack of pay scale, facilities, but without forgetting the dignity of the Guru, let us go forward feeling the importance of your pride, because the question is to preserve and enhance human values.
Indian education should be employment oriented, so that students can make a living after studying.
Courses taught in Indian schools and universities should be practical, which students can take advantage of in private life.
The role of teachers is very important in educational reform. In most schools in India, a teacher is teaching more than 60 – 70 children. In such a situation, teachers are not able to teach children well.
To improve the education system in India, reducing this ratio is very important. I believe that a teacher can teach only 20 students properly. There is a huge difference between rural and urban teachers in India.
The government should run such programs so that rural and urban teachers can be trained simultaneously. Teachers should be trained in such a way that they know their rights and duties.
Teachers also have to be made smart in the computer age.
Today’s era is the era of computer and information technology. In today’s time, it is very important for every student to know basic computer. Today, computers are being used in every field. Therefore, the government should arrange free basic computer education in every school.
The Government of India should introduce Smart Classes in all schools, so that students do not get bored in schools, learn fast and can be modernised. Children learn very fast in a smart class.
The development of each country depends very much on the level of education of the citizens of that country. Therefore, more is spent on education in developed countries than in underdeveloped countries. Therefore, if India has to raise the level of its education, then a certain part of the national income will have to be spent on education.
Sports are necessary for physical and mental development
Along with school education, sports should also be given importance, because sports is an important part of our lives. Sports are the source of both our physical and mental development. Sports are beneficial in brain development of children.
Therefore sports should be arranged in every school. Educational progress of children is possible only when parents are aware. The government should also run programs to make parents aware.
Schools should now move to skill-based education by removing traditional curriculum. The student, who is interested in whatever subject, should be taught the same subject. The biggest advantage of skill-based education is that students will become self-sufficient.
As such the Government of India has also put its entire focus on the Skill India program.
Today more such programs need to be started in our country.
- The aim of physical education should be to maintain and protect the body. It should be told about how much we should eat, when to sleep, when and how much and how to entertain ourselves, when and how to exercise. Education of recreation and exercise should be imparted both individually and collectively, so that a sense of cooperation develops within us and we learn to work together in society.
- The purpose of mental education is to develop our mind properly. This does not mean that we can remember our text books and other books very well. But its purpose is that we should follow our method of protecting our body. A sense of service arises in us, a feeling of brotherhood is awakened in our heart, we are eager to learn new things and continue to increase our knowledge. Work ability comes in us, and we develop a conscience of good and bad.
- The purpose of spiritual education is to in-still a sense of respect and respect in us, to in-still a sense of brotherhood towards those around us, and to increase feelings of compassion and compassion.
Indian Education Sytem Conclusion:
Our education should not only be improvised. It should not be a medium to pass the exam. It should teach us to live well. Education is what this world teaches us to live and live in this competitive world. It is not like today, just pass the exam and be taught how to do a job. And just make the Rattu Parrot.