Largest State in India by Area & Population in 2024

Largest State in India by Area & Population: India, a vast and diverse nation, ranks as the seventh-largest country globally in terms of area and the second-most populous, with over 1.3 billion people. Divided into 28 states and 8 Union territories, each state possesses its unique identity, culture, and history.

This article delves into the largest state in India, exploring both its area and population. Read on for a comprehensive overview of the state that claims these significant distinctions.

Largest State in India by Area & Population in 2024

Area wise: Rajasthan (342,239 sq km):

Rajasthan holds the title of the largest state in India by area, covering a staggering 342,239 square kilometers.

Population Wise (2024 Estimated): Uttar Pradesh (over 209 million)

  • Uttar Pradesh, projected to surpass 209 million people in 2024, solidifying its status as the most populous state in India.
  • Uttar Pradesh claims the title of the most populous state in India, boasting a population of 199,812,341 according to the 2011 census.

Area Wise Largest State in India: Rajasthan

Rajasthan, the “Land of Kings,” stands as India’s largest state by area, encompassing 342,239 square kilometers, or approximately 10.41% of the nation’s total land. Positioned in the northern part of the country, it shares borders with Pakistan, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat.

Renowned for its vibrant culture, rich history, and stunning landscapes, Rajasthan boasts popular tourist destinations like Jaipur, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, and Ajmer. The state’s capital, Jaipur, known as the “Pink City,” is a cultural gem.

With a population of approximately 78.9 million (2011 Census), Rajasthan maintains a low population density of around 200 people per square kilometer. The state’s economy thrives on agriculture, tourism, and mining, particularly in mineral resources like copper, zinc, and limestone.

Population Wise Largest State in India: Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh, situated in northern India, holds the title of the most populous state with a 2011 Census population of 199,812,341. As of 2024 estimates, the population has surged to around 235,687,000, covering an area of 240,928 square kilometers at a density of 828 people per square kilometer.

Bordered by Nepal, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi, and Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh boasts a diverse cultural heritage and iconic monuments like the Taj Mahal. Lucknow, the capital, is renowned for its rich culture and cuisine, while major cities include Kanpur, Varanasi, Agra, and Allahabad.

The state’s mixed economy thrives on agriculture, manufacturing, and services. As India’s largest sugarcane producer, Uttar Pradesh also excels in wheat, rice, and potato cultivation. Manufacturing encompasses textiles, chemicals, and leather products, with a vibrant small and medium enterprise sector producing handicrafts and traditional items.


Rajasthan claims the title of the largest state in India by area, while Uttar Pradesh holds the distinction of being the most populous. Both states boast a rich cultural heritage, featuring historical monuments, vibrant traditions, and scenic beauty. Despite their size, both face distinct challenges in development and governance, actively striving to enhance the lives of their citizens through various social and economic initiatives.

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