Nagpur District Information : Nagpur district is a district in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state in central India. The district is part of Nagpur Division. Nagpur city is the winter capital of the state of Maharashtra, with a population of 46,53,570. The city of Nagpur is the district administrative centre.
Nagpur is the 13th largest city in India and 114th largest city in the world. Nagpur city is more than three hundred years old. The city was founded by the Gond king Bakht Buland Shah in the year 1702 on the banks of the river Nagpur.
Raghuji Bhosale, the chieftain of the Maratha dynasty, conquered the city of Nagpur from Raja Chand Sultan in 1741 and from then on Nagpur was ruled by the Bhosale family. Recently, the city was awarded as the cleanest and most beautiful city in the country. Nagpur district is known as Orange City. There are total 14 talukas in Nagpur district.
History of Nagpur | Complete information & history of Nagpur district
Nagpur got its name from the river Nag that flows through the city. The old city of Nagpur (today called ‘Mahal’) is situated on the northern bank of the river Nag. In many Indian languages the suffix pur means “city”.
An earlier name of Nagpur was ‘Fanindrapura’. It is derived from the Marathi and Sanskrit word fana (fana, meaning cobra’s hood). The first newspaper in Nagpur was called Phanindramani, which is believed to mean hanging on the noose of a snake.
It is a gem that sheds light in the darkness, hence the name of the newspaper. BR Ambedkar claimed that both the city and the river were named after “Nag people”. During the British rule, the name of the city was pronounced as “Nagpur”.
Early and Medieval History – Nagpur History
The city was built in the first half of the 18th century by Bakht Buland Shah, a leader of the Gond clan. Human existence around present-day Nagpur can be traced back 3000 years to the 8th century AD.
Burial sites at Kalub Adhudhamana (near Mhada settlement) indicate that many ancient inscriptions and buildings made of cobblestones exist in Nagpur.
The first reference to the name “Nagpur” is found in a 10th century copperplate inscription found at Deoli in Wardha district, adjacent to present-day Nagpur. This inscription records a grant made in Saka year 862 (940) to a village in the Visaya (district) of Nagpura-Nandivardhana during the reign of the Rashtrakuta king Krishna III.
By the end of the 3rd century, Raja Vindhyashakti ruled the Nagpur region. In the 4th century, the Vakataka dynasty ruled the Nagpur region and the surrounding region and had good relations with the Gupta Empire.
The Vakataka king Prithvisena I moved his capital to Nagdhan (ancient name Nandivardhana), 38 kilometers (24 mi) from Nagpur. After the Vakatakas, the region came under the Hindu kingdoms of the Badami Chalukyas, the Rashtrakutas. Nagpur region appears to have been under the control of the Parmaras of Malwa in the 11th century.
Prashasti inscription of Paramar king Lakshmadeva (RC 1086-1094) found at Nagpur. After that the region came under the control of the Yadavas of Devagiri. In 1296, Alauddin Khilji invaded the Yadav Empire after capturing Devagiri, followed by the Tughlaq dynasty in 1317.
In the 17th century, the Mughal Empire conquered the region, although during the Mughal period, the region was administered by the Gond Empire.
In the 18th century, the Bhonsals of Nagpur state founded the Maratha Empire.
Modern History – History of Nagpur
After Buland Shah, the next king of Devgarh was Chand Sultan, who lived mainly in the lower hills, with his capital at Nagpur. After Chand Sultan’s death in 1739, Bakht Buland’s illegitimate son Wali Shah took the throne, and Chand Sultan’s widow sought the help of Raghoji Bhosale, the Maratha leader of Berar, for the benefit of her sons Akbar Shah and Burhan Shah. After this Wali Shah was killed and the rightful heirs were installed on the throne.
After 1743, a series of Maratha rulers came to power, starting with Raghoji Bhosle, who by 1751 conquered the territories of Devgarh, Chanda and Chhattisgarh.
In 1765 and again in 1811, Nagpur was heavily damaged, partly due to looting. However, Nagpur city continued to develop even after that. In 1803, Raghoji joined the Peshwa against the British in the Second Anglo-Maratha War, but the British won the war.
After the death of Raghoji II in 1816, his son Parsaji was deposed and murdered by Mudhoji II Bhosale. Although he signed a treaty with the British that same year, Mudhoji joined the Third Anglo-Maratha War against the British in 1817, but was defeated.
The fierce battle was a turning point as it laid the foundation for Bhosle’s downfall and paved the way for British capture of Nagpur city. Mudhoji was deposed after being temporarily enthroned, then the British installed Raghoji III Bhosale, grandson of Raghoji II.
During the reign of Raghoji III (which lasted until 1840), the region was under the control of a British Resident. In 1853, after the death of Raghoji III, the British took control of Nagpur leaving no heir.
From 1853 to 1861, Nagpur Province (which included present-day Nagpur Region, Chhindwara and Chhattisgarh) became part of Central Provinces and Berar, and came under the administration of the Home Commissioner of the British Central Government with Nagpur as its capital. Berar was annexed in 1903.
The arrival of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIP) in 1867 led to its development as a trading centre. The Tata Group opened its first textile mill, formally known as the Central India Spinning and Weaving Company Limited, in Nagpur. The company was popularly known as “Empress Mills” because it was inaugurated on 1 January 1877, the day Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India.
The Nagpur Session of 1920 saw the start of the Non-Cooperation Movement, which had a profound impact on the city which witnessed Hindu-Muslim riots in 1923.
The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) was a Hindu nationalist organization founded in 1925 by KB Hedgewar at Mohitwada Mahal in Nagpur with the idea of creating a Hindu Rashtra. After the Nagpur riots of 1927, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh gained more popularity in Nagpur and the organization grew across the country.
History of Nagpur after India’s independence
After India gained independence in 1947, Central Provinces and Berar became provinces of India. In 1950, Madhya Pradesh and Berar were reorganized to form Madhya Pradesh, with Nagpur as its capital.
Indian states were reorganized on linguistic lines in 1956, at which time Nagpur and Berar regions were transferred to Bombay state. BR Ambedkar and his supporters converted to Buddhism in a formal public ceremony held in Nagpur on 14 October 1956, starting the Dalit Buddhist movement that is still active today. In 1994, the city of Nagpur witnessed one of the most violent days in modern times in the form of the Gowari stampede.
Nagpur completed 300 years of its foundation in 2002. A big celebration was organized on the occasion of this event.
Additional Information of Nagpur | Complete information of Nagpur district
- The average annual rainfall in Nagpur district is 1,205 mm.
- The main crops of Nagpur district are sugarcane, wheat, oranges, sorghum, tur, gram, soybean, sunflower, cotton.
- National Highways passing through Nagpur District :- Hazira-Dhule-Kolkata National Highway No. 6, Varanasi-Kanyakumari National Highway No. 7, National Highway No. 69 and Nagpur Ratnagiri National Highway No. 204.
Industries and Business of Nagpur [Nagpur District Information in English]
- Cooperative cotton mills, sugar factories are abundant in this district.
- There is a defense material manufacturing factory at Wadi, Ambazari. K Kanhan, Kamthi, Narkhed, Kalameshwar, Umred, Butibori, Ramtek and Buti Bori in Nagpur district has the largest industrial estate in Asia.
- Mihan is an ambitious project coming up in Nagpur district.
Rivers and Dams in Nagpur District [Nagpur District Information]
- Nagpur district is bordered by Wardha on the west and Wainganga river on the east.
- Kanhan is the major river of Nagpur district and it flows through the central part of the district.
- The Kanhan River flows from the north to the east and meets the Wainganga River at the border of Nagpur district.
Geographical Location of Nagpur District [Nagpur Information]
- Nagpur district is in the eastern part of Maharashtra state. Its northern border is with Madhya Pradesh, north-western border with Amravati district, southern border with Chandrapur district, eastern border with Bhandara district and western border with Wardha district.
- Vena, Nand and Amb rivers flow in the southern part of Nagpur district. Bawanthadi river flows along the north-eastern border.
- There are 51 small dam projects in Nagpur district which include Pench Dam on Pench River, Ramtek Medium Irrigation Project, Kanhoji, Umri, Kolar Irrigation Projects etc.
- The district also has a hydroelectric project on Pench river.
Mineral Resources of Nagpur District
Manganese mines along with marble, limestone, iron ore, dolomite, tungsten and coal mines are found in some parts of Nagpur district.
Characteristics of Nagpur District
- Nagpur district falls in Vidarbha division of Maharashtra state.
- This Nagpur district is almost in the center of India, the zero (0) landmark of India is in the city of Nagpur.
- Being in the central part of the country, important railways and highways of the country pass through Nagpur district.
- Nagpur city is the vice capital and winter capital of Maharashtra state.
- Nagpur is the vice capital of Maharashtra state.
- The winter session of the state legislature is held in this city every year.
- Nagpur district has Koradi and Khaparkheda thermal power plants.
- The Central Cotton Research Center is located at Nagpur.
- Currently known as ‘Rashtrasant Tukdoji Maharaj Nagpur University’, Nagpur University was established on 4th August 1923.
- The places ‘Kamathi’, ‘Umred’ are known for coal production.
- The initiation ground of Maharashtra State Mining Corporation is famous in Nagpur because it is at this place on 14 October 1956 that Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar along with thousands of followers embraced Buddhism and took initiation.
- Nagpur has ‘Ambazari Lake’ and ‘Sitabardi Fort’.
- Nagpur district includes Bor Sanctuary (comprising Nagpur and Wardha districts), Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park and Tiger Reserve, Pench Tiger Reserve and Bor Tiger Reserve.
- On 23 November 1999, the famous Drone Palace Buddhist Dhamma Temple was inaugurated at Kamthi, Nagpur. This temple with very beautiful architecture is known as Dragon Palace Temple.
- Central Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) was established in 1958 at Nagpur and this national level institute has its headquarters at Nagpur.
- Ramtek is famous for the Ram Temple and Sanskrit University and has many temples dating back to the Vakataka period. They are very important from Vastu point of view. Among these temples, only the Narasimha temple has an inscription of Prabhavati Gupta, queen of Vakataka Pravarasena, daughter of Chandragupta II.
- Nagpur is considered to be the zero mile city and the epicenter of India.
- Mahatma Gandhi started the non-cooperation movement from this city in 1920.
- Butibori (Taluka Hingana) in Nagpur is Asia’s largest five-star industrial estate. This industrial estate was established in 1994. Mainly cloth companies (Textile Unit) are working here.
- An ambitious industrial project Mihan has been set up in Nagpur district and reputed companies of India are setting up their projects at this place.
- Nagpur city is the central city of the entire country.
- Metro service started in Nagpur district in March 2019.
Geographical Information – Complete information of Nagpur district
- Area : 9,897 sq km
- Forest Proportion : 20.45%.
- Sanctuaries: Bor Sanctuaries (in Nagpur and Wardha districts)
- National Parks: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Park
- Tiger Reserve = Pench Tiger Reserve and Bor Tiger Reserve
Administrative Information – Nagpur District
- Commissionerate : Nagpur Division (Office Nagpur)
- Sub Divisions : 7 Katol, Ramtek, Savner, Nagpur Zone 1 and Nagpur Zone 2, Mauda and Umred
- Talukas : 14 (Katol, Ramtek, Savner, Hingana, Nagpur City, Nagpur Rural, Umred, Kamthi, Narkhed, Kalmeshwarmauda, Bhiwapur, Kuhi, Parshivani.
- Panchayat Committees : 14
- Municipal Corporation : 1 (Nagpur Municipal Corporation)
- Municipality : 12
- Nagar Pachayati : 6 (Hingna, Mauda, Bhiwapur, Kuhi, Mahadula, Parshivani)
- Gram Panchayat : 770
- Police Headquarters : 2 (Nagpur City Police Commissionerate, Nagpur District Rural Superintendent of Police)
- Number of Police Stations = 25 (Urban), 22 (Rural)
Population of Nagpur (as per 2011 census)
- Population : 46,53,171
- Literacy : 89.5%
- Sex Ratio : 948
- Population Density : 470
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