Oldest Post Office in India: A Historic Landmark

Oldest Post Office in India: The postal system in India has a long and rich history, dating back to the Maurya Empire in the 4th century BC. However, the oldest post office in India as we know it today was established by the British East India Company in Bombay in 1727. This post office is still in operation today, and it is a beautiful and historic building that is worth a visit.

Oldest Post Office in India

The oldest post office in India is located in Bombay (now Mumbai) and was established in 1727 by the British East India Company. It is a beautiful and historic building that is still in use today. Read on to learn more about this fascinating place.

History of the Post Office

The first post office in Bombay was a small and modest building. It was located in the Fort area of the city, and it was used primarily by the British East India Company to send and receive mail from England and other parts of the world. As the British presence in India grew, so too did the need for a more efficient postal system. In 1766, Robert Clive, the Governor of Bengal, established a regular postal service between Calcutta and Bombay. This service was later expanded to include other major cities in India.

In 1774, Warren Hastings, the Governor-General of India, reorganized the postal system and established the General Post Office (GPO) in Calcutta. The GPO was responsible for overseeing the entire postal system in India. In 1786, the GPO was moved to Bombay, and it remained there until 1947, when India gained independence from Britain.

Architecture of the Post Office

The current GPO building in Mumbai was built in 1864. It is a beautiful and imposing building that is built in the Gothic Revival style. The building is made of yellow Kurla stone and white stones from Dhrangdra. It has a grand entrance with a portico and a clock tower. The interior of the building is just as impressive, with high ceilings, stained-glass windows, and marble floors.

Significance of the Post Office

The GPO in Mumbai is more than just a post office. It is a historic landmark that is a symbol of India’s rich postal heritage. The building has also played an important role in India’s freedom struggle. In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi led the Dandi Salt March, which began outside the GPO building. This march was a major turning point in the Indian independence movement.

Present-Day Use of the Post Office

The GPO in Mumbai is still in use today. It is one of the busiest post offices in India, and it handles a large volume of mail every day. The post office also offers a variety of other services, such as banking, money transfer, and passport services.

Interesting facts about the Bombay GPO

  • The Bombay GPO is one of the largest post offices in India, with over 2,000 employees.
  • The post office handles over 1 million letters and parcels every day.
  • The Bombay GPO has a museum that houses a collection of artifacts related to the history of the postal system in India.
  • The post office is also home to a philatelic bureau, which sells postage stamps and other philatelic items.
  • The Bombay GPO was featured in the 1993 Hindi film “Hum Hain Rahi Pyaar Ke.”

Tourist Attraction:

The oldest post office in India is a popular tourist destination. Visitors can learn about the history of the postal system in India and see the beautiful colonial architecture of the building. The post office also has a museum that houses a collection of old postal stamps and other artifacts.

Role in the Community:

The oldest post office in India plays an important role in the local community. It is a place where people can come to send and receive mail, as well as to pay bills and other government services. The post office is also a popular meeting place for locals.

Conclusion

The GPO in Mumbai is a fascinating place with a rich history. It is a must-visit for anyone interested in the postal history of India or in the Indian independence movement. The building is also a beautiful example of Gothic Revival architecture.