what are the powers and responsibilities of village panchayat?

In India, the powers and responsibilities of a Village Panchayat are defined by the Constitution of India, the Panchayati Raj Act, and the respective State Government’s Panchayati Raj Act. Generally, the following are the powers and responsibilities of the Village Panchayat:

  1. Local governance: The Village Panchayat is responsible for the local governance of the village. They are responsible for providing basic civic amenities like water supply, sanitation, street lighting, and maintenance of public spaces like parks and community halls.
  2. Public health and sanitation: The Village Panchayat is responsible for ensuring public health and sanitation in the village. They are responsible for providing health services like dispensaries and hospitals and ensuring the cleanliness of the village.
  3. Education: The Village Panchayat is responsible for promoting education in the village. They are responsible for providing education facilities like schools and libraries and promoting adult education.
  4. Agriculture and rural development: The Village Panchayat is responsible for promoting agriculture and rural development in the village. They are responsible for providing facilities like irrigation, promoting animal husbandry, and promoting the use of modern agricultural techniques.
  5. Social justice: The Village Panchayat is responsible for ensuring social justice in the village. They are responsible for promoting the welfare of the weaker sections of the society like the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
  6. Finance and planning: The Village Panchayat is responsible for preparing plans and budgets for the development of the village. They are also responsible for collecting taxes, fees, and revenues and managing the finances of the village.
  7. Dispute resolution: The Village Panchayat is responsible for resolving disputes in the village. They act as mediators in civil disputes and criminal cases within the village.

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