Indian Defence News Overview: “The Prithvi-2 missile is a formidable weapon in the Indian arsenal, capable of delivering a devastating blow to enemy targets on land, in the atmosphere, and even in space. Its ability to evade enemy anti-ballistic missile technology, combined with its precision navigation system, make it a powerful tool in the country’s defense arsenal.”
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India’s Strategic Force Command successfully test-fired the Prithvi-2 missile from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur in Odisha. The test was conducted at night to assess the missile’s accuracy and firepower, and was intended as a training exercise for new officers in the command. The capabilities of the missile were also evaluated during the launch.
The Prithvi-2 missile has a range of 350 km and is a single-stage liquid fuel missile. It is capable of carrying conventional or nuclear warheads weighing between 500 to 1000 kg on its nose cone. The missile is designed to evade enemy anti-ballistic missile technology. This was the fourth user night trial of the Prithvi-2 missile since 2019, and it has successfully met its target in all test launches.
The Prithvi-2 missile is the smallest and lightest among all of India’s missiles. It has a weight of 4600 kg, a length of around 8.56 meters, and a diameter of 110 cm. It can carry various types of weapons, including high-explosive, penetration, cluster munition, fragmentation, thermobaric, chemical, and tactical nuclear weapons.
The missile operates on a strap-down inertial navigation system, which allows for a circular error probability (CEP) of 10 meters in accuracy. It is launched using an 8×8 Tata Transporter Erector Launcher. The Prithvi-2 missile’s real name is SS-250, and it was developed for the Indian Air Force. The Prithvi-1 missile was developed for the Army and the Prithvi-3 for the Navy.
DRDO scientists developed the concept of the Pralay Missile, also known as the Prithvi Air Defense (PAD) system, using the Prithvi missile as a base. The Pralay missile has received approval for deployment on the border with China. The PAD missiles are designed to intercept and destroy enemy missiles by traveling outside of the Earth’s atmosphere at a speed of 6174 kmph.
The Mission Shakti, which was conducted in March 2019, involved shooting down an enemy satellite in space. This mission also relied on technology from the Prithvi missile, specifically an upgraded version of the Prithvi missile known as the Anti-Satellite Weapon (ASAT) missile. The ASAT missile successfully destroyed an inactive satellite in space.
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