Scientific Name of Pea: Peas, those vibrant green orbs that adorn our plates and add a burst of flavor to countless dishes, belong to the legume family and have a rich scientific background. In this article, we will unravel the scientific name and classification of peas, shedding light on their botanical identity.
Scientific Name of Pea ‘Pisum sativum‘
The scientific name of the common garden pea, which we often enjoy in salads, soups, and stir-fries, is Pisum sativum. The genus name, Pisum, is derived from the Latin word for pea, while sativum refers to its cultivation as a crop. This binomial nomenclature, introduced by Carl Linnaeus, allows scientists worldwide to communicate precisely about a particular species.
Classification of Pea
Now, let’s explore the broader classification of peas within the plant kingdom.
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Peas, like all plants, belong to the kingdom Plantae. This kingdom encompasses a diverse array of organisms that possess chlorophyll and engage in photosynthesis.
- Division: Magnoliophyta (Angiosperms)
- Peas fall under the division Magnoliophyta, commonly known as angiosperms. Angiosperms are flowering plants that produce seeds enclosed within a fruit. This division represents the most diverse and widespread group of plants on Earth.
- Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons)
- Within the division of angiosperms, peas are classified under the class Magnoliopsida, also known as dicotyledons. Dicotyledons are characterized by having two seed leaves (cotyledons) during germination and other distinct features in their leaf venation and floral parts.
- Order: Fabales
- Peas belong to the order Fabales, which includes a variety of economically important plant families such as Fabaceae (legumes), Rosaceae (rose family), and others. Fabales is known for the presence of nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the root nodules of its members, contributing to soil fertility.
- Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
- The family Fabaceae, commonly known as the legume or pea family, is home to a wide range of plants, including peas. Legumes are recognized for their ability to form symbiotic relationships with nitrogen-fixing bacteria, enhancing soil nitrogen levels.
The scientific name of peas reflects their cultivated nature, while their classification within the plant kingdom places them in the fascinating world of angiosperms, dicotyledons, and the legume family. Understanding the botanical aspects of peas adds a layer of appreciation for this humble yet nutritionally rich legume that has been a staple in human diets for centuries.