Sonia Gandhi is an Indian politician who served as the President of the Indian National Congress, one of India’s oldest and largest political parties, from 1998 to 2017. She is the widow of former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and the mother of current Congress leader Rahul Gandhi.
Gandhi was born on December 9, 1946, in a small town in Italy. She moved to India in 1968 after marrying Rajiv Gandhi, who was then a pilot for Indian Airlines. She supported her husband’s political career and played a key role in managing his campaign during the 1984 general elections, which he won by a landslide.
After Rajiv Gandhi’s assassination in 1991, Gandhi became involved in politics herself. She was elected to the Indian parliament in 1999 and served as the leader of the opposition from 2004 to 2014. In this role, she played a key role in holding the ruling party accountable and in highlighting the issues facing the country.
In 1998, Gandhi was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress, succeeding Sitaram Kesri. During her tenure, she led the party through a number of elections and helped it regain its footing after a series of electoral defeats.
Gandhi has been credited with reviving the Congress party and bringing it back to the forefront of Indian politics. She has also been praised for her efforts to promote social justice and economic reform, and for her commitment to fighting corruption. Gandhi retired from active politics in 2017 and passed on the leadership of the Congress party to her son, Rahul Gandhi.